Heat Treatment Services
Wood packaging material made of unprocessed raw wood is a pathway for the introduction and spread of pests. Such wood packaging material includes dunnage, but excludes processed wood packaging material. Because the origin of wood packaging material can be difficult to determine, globally approved measures that significantly reduce the risk of pest spread have been implemented.
Approved measures associated with wood packaging materials are:
- Heat Treatment (HT)
- Kiln-drying (KD)
- Methyl bromide Fumigation (MB)
The international transport of solid wood packaging material (WPM) is regulated by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), which is a subdivision of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. The IPPC issues the regulations known as International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs), and the one specific to WPM is ISPM 15.
ISPM 15 stipulates the treatments and protocols necessary to reduce the risk of the introduction and spread of invasive quarantine pests that results from the use of WPM for shipping items across the globe. Under ISPM 15, a stamp is applied to the packaging to signify treatment. Countries that choose to participate in the ISPM 15 program only accept and export properly treated and marked WPM.
The ISPM 15 treatment certification stamp has several different forms but all contain the same information: The IPPC “Wheat Stamp,” country of origin (xx), facility code (000), and type of treatment (YY). (In the United States, the third-party inspection agency is also included).
ISPM 15 also stipulates that each participating country regulate WPM through their National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO). In the U.S., the NPPO is United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA APHIS). Through a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU), APHIS authorized the American Lumber Standards Committee (ALSC) to administer the ISPM 15 program. Currently, there are two options for certified treatment, conventional heat treatment (HT) and methyl bromide fumigation (MB).
As a member of the National Wooden Pallet & Container Association, Bay Wood Products is a strong supporter of the goals of ISPM15 to safeguard the forests and urban trees around the world from the spread of non-native invasive species.